Background Information

Over the last four decades, external pressures and development choices have shaped Syria’s objectives for economic and social policies, the structure of the economy and the planning process. Syria is now challenged to determine the extent to which the present structure of the economy and the decision making process respond to today’s conditions and the challenges envisaged in the future.

Many steps have already been taken in an effort to prepare the nation for future international exposure. Such exposure has increased with the signing of a number of regional bilateral agreements, and with Syria’s membership of G.A.F.T.A (Great Arab Free Trade Area). International exposure will increase further when, as is expected, the Government of Syria signs the Association Agreement with the EU, and eventually becomes a member of the World Trade Organisation.